Vitamin D and mental well-being

A requirement of crucial vitamins and nutrients can seem never-ending, especially when you don’t know the sources from where one can gather them from. Vitamin D is not primarily found in food, like many other vitamins, but typically absorbed through the sun’s ultraviolet rays or from dietary enhancements. It is highly recommended to maintain adequate Vitamin D intake for a number of reasons; they include healthy bone growth, healthy heart and a sound mental well-being.

A low level of Vitamin D brings about a rise in serum PTH  levels. Over-active parathyroid glands often cause symptoms of depression that may be cured with counselling or treatment.  Research has speculated that Vitamin D could be linked to an individual’s mental welfare, whereas some believe low Vitamin D levels may be secondary to mental soundness.

An assessed one billion people worldwide have Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency. Individuals are at high risk for Vitamin D deficiency, especially greater chances for those living far from the equator or ones with other medical conditions.

Irrespective of cause, deficiency of Vitamin D has significant medical and mental consequences. Every tissue in the body has Vitamin D receptors, including the brain, heart, muscles, and immune system, which assesses that Vitamin D is required at every level for the body to function efficiently.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), a mood syndrome highlighting depressive indications, occurs mostly during winter when there is comparatively lesser sunshine, coinciding with the sudden drop in Vitamin D levels in the body. Several studies have suggested that the symptoms of SAD might be due to varying levels of Vitamin D3, which may affect serotonin levels in the brain.

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Although Vitamin D supplementation may improve mental happiness, it is only a small, but critical, part of treatment as misery has innumerable grounds. However, Vitamin D deficiency impairs and prolongs recovery from depression. Due to Vitamin D’s connection to depression and mood, it’s important to note that Vitamin D supplementation needs to be examined by blood testing every few months.

There are various studies that confirm the link between low Vitamin D and mental ailment. Studies provide evidence that optimising Vitamin D levels may improve positive psychological well-being. Schizophrenia has also been linked with abnormal levels of Vitamin D.

Latest research suggests link between Vitamin D3 and intellect gathering of human beings. In the Central Nervous System (CNS), there are specific receptors for active form of  Vitamin which are present in CNS. In clinical studies, low serum levels of Vitamin D have been associated with reduced perception of general surroundings, anxiety and hopelessness.

According to studies reported by, strong associations have been found between Vitamin D deficiency and depression, particularly since these conditions seem to affect similar populations – mostly the ageing and chronically ill section of people. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics report there is a possible connection between Vitamin D and the levels of the mood-boosting neurotransmitter – Serotonin – in the brain. Ties between Vitamin D and mood are still largely unknown, according to research by the National Institutes of Health.

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Mood disorders in women:

More accurately be designated a hormone rather than a vitamin. A literature search using CINAHL, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and PubMed databases was conducted to trace peer appraised mood condition research studies that measured serum 25-hydroxyVitamin D (25[OH]D) levels. Four of six studies reviewed imparted significant results, with all four showing an association between low 25(OH)D levels and higher occurrences of four mood disorders: (1.) Premenstrual syndrome, (2.) Seasonal Affective Disorder, (3.) non-specified mood disorder, and (4.) ajor depressive disorder.

The analysis indicates a possible biochemical mechanism occurring between Vitamin D and mood syndromes affecting women.

How anxiety affects your mental well-being?

People who experience cyclic patterned depression are known to show signs that include feelings of anxiety, and other symptoms that are indicative of symptoms of worry, such as irritability, antisocial behavior, insomnia, reduced appetite and weight loss. Some of these symptoms, like insomnia, may also contribute to the development of apprehension.

(Seasonally Patterned Depression) can also give you a chance to reduce your anxiety by way of activities such as:

  • Exercising
  • Spending Time in Nature
  • Taking Time to Yourself by:
  1. Exposure Therapy
  2. Creating a Routine

The National Institutes of Health reports unnecessary Vitamin D intake, through supplementation, can also have serious side effects and should be avoided. Consulting a physician about how much Vitamin D is right for you is the best course of action for regulating your intake and staying healthy, both physically and mentally. Anyone suffering from a blue mood should consider current Vitamin D intake and consult the same about whether vitamin supplementation could relieve adverse mood symptoms, especially when paired with other treatment options.


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