A healthy smile is a beautiful smile.
Do you think a sparkling healthy crown steals attention from the crowd? But what if your smile is fading away, increasing your need to hide your diseased set of jaws? Dental Caries and Periodontal disease are two such conditions that might be responsible in stealing away your precious curve of lips; and Vitamin D supplementation might come to your rescue at this point.
Dental caries, commonly also referred as tooth decay, is typically a tooth infection caused by bacteria on the surface of teeth that can cause conversion of certain sugars into acids. These acids can lead to demineralization and loss of the hard tissues of teeth. This forms holes in the enamel of the tooth and can also result from inadequate vitamin D status. In the absence of vitamin D, infection is established on the tooth, leading to further loss of enamel and cavitation (holes in the teeth). It is one of the most common diseases in the world.
Removal of such bacteria is a tricky task as they adhere to the surfaces. The bacteria form a sticky layer, which helps protect them from being removed by your immune system.
Research shows that Vitamin D may help reduce the risk of dental caries in infants and younger children. Studies have shown that children with ECC tend to have lower vitamin D levels than healthy children. Mothers of children with ECC have lower vitamin D levels during pregnancy than mothers whose children do not have caries.
Higher vitamin D levels in pregnancy and early life have been shown to help reduce the risk of dental caries. Vitamin D can assist to strengthen teeth’s resistance to bacteria by helping to absorb calcium and phosphate. It also helps in increasing the amount of good antimicrobial proteins which can destroy the bacteria that are responsible in causing caries.
Periodontal disease is commonly caused by infection of the gums. Periodontal disease can also affect many different parts of the tooth. This might weaken the anchoring of the teeth into bone. In the absence of sufficient vitamin D, the bone that forms in the jaw or skull does not get sufficiently mineralized.
Osteomalacia, which is a severe vitamin D deficiency that develops after the bones have been formed (in adults), can result in all these abnormalities as well. The teeth are painful, deformed, and subject to increased cavities and periodontal disease. They may be lost early.
Vitamin D works in reducing the risk and severity of Periodontal Disease in several ways:
- It is responsible for the production of cathelicidin and defensins, which have antimicrobial properties and aid to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth.
- It helps in reducing the amount of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). MMPs are enzymes that are associated with Periodontal Disease (PD).
- Calcitriol, which is an active form of Vitamin D, helps in regulating the immune system and protect against inflammation.
Thus, the research studies have exhibited that Vitamin D may aid in reducing the risk of occurrence of dental caries and periodontal disease. Now, you can be stress free and grab all the attention with a strikingly gorgeous smile!